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Expedition

Expedition North Pole-1 (Ceверный полюс-1) was the first Soviet manned drifting station used for scientific hydrological and geographical research of the polar area. The North Pole-1 polar station was opened on June 6, 1937 some 20 kilometers from the North Pole and operated for 9 months, during which the ice flow travelled 2,850 kilometers. The expedition ended 75 years ago, on February 19, 1938, when Soviet ice breakers took four polar explorers, hydrobiologist Piotr Shirshov, geophysicist Yevgeny Fiodorov, radioman Ernst Krenlek and the leader Ivan Papaninov, from the station to the east coast of Greenland.

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